In word formation, a word is given in question and we have to choose that word from the given options, which can or cannot be formed from the letters of the given word.
Sometimes, a set of English letters is given in a jumbled order and the candidates are asked to arrange them in a meaningful order.
In some situations, we are asked to choose particular letters from a word and arrange them to form a meaningful word.
Types of Questions
There are three types of questions based on the word formation which are generally asked in various competitive examinations.
Word Formation Using Letters from a Given Word
In this type of questions, a word has been given, followed by four other words. The candidate has to identify the word which can or cannot be formed by using the letters of main word.
Directions (Example Nos. 1-2) In the following questions, select the word from the given alternative which cannot be formed using the letters of the given word.
Example: 1 CHARACTER
(a) TRACER (b) CHARTER
(c) HEARTY (d) CRATE
Solutions (c) By using the letters of the given word, HEARTY can't be formed because in the given word, letter Y is absent.
Example: 2 ADMINISTRATION
(a) RATION (b) MINISTER
(c) MIND (d) STATION
Solutions (b) By using the letters of the given word, MINISTER can't be formed because in the given word, letter E is absent.
Directions (Example Nos. 3-4) In each of the following question, a word has been given, followed by four other words, one of which can be formed by using the letters of the given word. Find that word.
Example: 3 DEMOCRACY
(a) SECRECY (b) MICRO
(c) MARCY (d) DEMON
Solutions (c) MARCY - All the letters of this word are present in the main word.
Hence, 'MARCY' can be formed from the letters of the given word 'DEMOCRACY'.
Example: 4 COMPENSATION
(a) TINY (b) COPY
(c) MENTION (d) MOTIVE
Solutions (c) MENTION - All the letters of the word are present in the main word. Hence, 'MENTION' can be formed from the letters of the given word 'COMPENSATION'.
Forming Word with Selected Letters of Given Word
In this type of questions, a word has been given and the candidate is required to make new meaningful words using letters at different positions like 1st, 2nd, 5th, 8th etc of the given word.
Example: 5 If it is possible to make only one meaningful word from the 3rd, the 6th, the 9th and the 10th letters of the word 'PARENTHESIS' using each letter only once, last letter of the word is your answer. If no such word can be formed, your answer is 'X' and if more than one such word can be formed, your answer Y.
(a) R (b) T
(c) X (d) Y
Since, 3rd, 6th, 9th and 10th letters are R, T, S and I respectively. Hence, only one meaningful word STIR can be formed. last letter of this word is R, so correct option is (a).
Example: 6 If it is possible to make a meaningful word 'INTERPRETATION', then which of the following will be the third letter of that word? If more than one such word can be made, then give 'M' as the answer and if no such word can be formed, then give 'X' as the answer.
(a) T (b) R
(c) M (d) X
Since, 1st, 4th, 7th and 11th letters are I, E, R and T respectively. Hence, three meaningful words RITE, TIRE and TIER can be formed. Since, more than one words are formed from the given letters, so answer is M.
Forming Meaningful Words Using Given Letters
In this type of questions, a word has been given and the candidates are required to form as many meaningful English words as possible from the given word, using each letter only once in each word.
Example: 7 How many meaningful English words can be formed by using letters of the word 'ALEP'?
(a) One (b) Two
(c) Three (d) More than three
Solutions (c) Such meaningful words are 'PEAL', 'LEAP' and 'PALE'.
Example: 8 How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters IFEL, using each letter only once in each word?.
(a) None (b) One
(c) Two (d) Three
Solutions (c) Such meaningful words are 'FILE' and 'LIFE'.
Word Formation by Unscrambling Letters
In this type of questions, a set of English letters is given in a jumbled order. The candidate is required ton arrange these letters to form a meaningful word.
MIND IT !
Always try to place the letters according to the numbers provided in options rather than doing it on the basis of your vocabulary knowledge
Example: 9 Select the combination of numbers that forms a meaningful word.
(a) 2, 7, 8, 6, 4, 3, 1, 5 (b) 4, 7, 5, 2, 6, 8, 1, 3
(c) 7, 1, 8, 5, 6, 2, 4, 3 (d) 5, 3, 7, 1, 6, 4, 8, 2
Clearly, the given letters, when arranged in the order of '5, 3, 7, 1, 6, 4, 8, 2,' from the word 'COMPLAIN'.
Example: 10 Rearrange the letters A, R, T, Y and D to form a meaningful word and select from the given alternatives, the word which is almost opposite in meaning to the word so formed.
(a) Dirty (b) Quiet
(c) Quick (d) Queek
Solutions (c) The word that can be formed by rearranging the given letters is 'Tardy' which means 'Sluggish' and opposite of this word is 'Quick'.
Formation of Meaningful word by adding letters/words in the given word(s)
In this type of questions, some words are given and the candidate has to either suffix or prefix same letter in each of the given words to make new meaningful words.
It also includes questions based on forming two meaningful words by inserting a word in between the given word.
Example: 11 Given below are some group of letters. Which of the options can be joined at the end of these letters to make them meaningful words?
LEN, SAN, WOR, SEE
(a) A (b) D
(c) B (d) K
Solutions (b) Letter D is suffixed to the given words
LEN + D = LEND
SAN + D = SAND
WOR + D = WORD
SEE + D = SEED
Example: 12 Which single letter can be prefixed to the following words to form entirely new words?
(a) H (b) S
(c) B (d) C
Solutions (B) Letter S is prefixed to the given words
S + TILL = STILL
S + TABLE = STABLE
S + PILE = SPILE
S + TAB = STAB
S + PRING = SPRING
Example: 13 Choose the middle words.
(a) ORED (b) AGE
(c) ICK (d) OR
Solutions (d) MIRR (OR) ANCE.
The two words formed are MIRROR and ORANGE.
LearnFrenzy provides you lots of fully solved "Word Formation" Questions and Answers with explanation.