Grouping of Figures


In a Competitive exam, Reasoning is one among the foremost vital section. A good score in Reasoning test will lead you to get superb marks in competitive exams. You can succeed a decent marks on condition that you have got a depth data of reasoning skills. Basically reasoning is split into few sections in keeping with logic and type. This Grouping of Figures topic is one of them.

"Grouping of Figures involves segregating a given set of figures into different groups on the basis of some common characteristics."

In this type of questions, we are given a set of figures or geometrical shapes. We are required to analyse these figures and classify them into different groups based on one or more common characteristics, that the figures share with each other. Grouping of figures can be done on the basis of their shape, orientation, count of the number of elements and other such characteristics.


The following example will help you become familiar with the type of questions asked


Directions (Example Nos. 1-2)In the following questions, group the figures into different classes on the basis of their orientation, shape etc.

E.g 1 Group the figures into different classes on the basis of their orientation, shape etc.

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Solution: (b)  Clearly, 1,7 and 8 contain a simple geometrical shape. 2, 4 and 9 contain two straight lines dividing the main figure into four parts. 3, 5 and 6 contain one geometrical shape divided into two equal parts by a straight line.

Thus, the given nine figures may be divided into three groups as (1,7,8), (3,5,6) and (2,4,9).

E.g 2 Group the figures into different classes on the basis of their orientation, shape etc.

grouping-of-figures-non-verbal-reasoning-introduction---grouping-of-figures-problems


Solution: (a)  1, 4 and 7 form a group of figures in which one triangle is present at the base of figure and the figure as a whole looks like a flask.

2, 5 and 8 are kettle shaped figures.

3, 6 and 9 form a group of figures representing floral design.


E.g 1 Which of the following answer figures are similar to class 'A' figures?

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Solution: (d)  Each of the three class 'A' figures is composed of two similar and closed geometrical shapes.

Hence, answer figures 'B' and 'C' belong to class 'A'.

E.g 2 Which of the following answer figures are similar ?

grouping-of-figures-non-verbal-reasoning-introduction---grouping-of-figures-problems


Solution: (d)  Clearly, figures 5 and 8 are similar. So, correct option is (c).

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