1. What is C language?
The C programming language is a standardized programming language developed in the early 1970s by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie for use on the UNIX operating system. It has since spread to many other operating systems, and is one of the most widely used programming languages. C is prized for its efficiency, and is the most popular programming language for writing system software, though it is also used for writing applications.
2. What does static variable mean?
There are 3 main uses for the static.
1. If you declare within a function: It retains the value between function calls
2. If it is declared for a function name: By default function is extern..so it will be visible from other files if the function declaration is as static..it is invisible for the outer files
3. Static for global variables: By default we can use the global variables from outside files If it is static global..that variable is limited to with in the file.
int t = 10;
int x = 0;
printf("After first call \n");
printf("After second call \n");
printf("After third call \n");
static int y = 0;
int z = 10;
printf("value of y %d z %d",y,z);
value of y 0 z 10 After first call
value of y 10 z 10 After second call
value of y 20 z 10 After third call
3. What are the different storage classes in C?
C has three types of storage: automatic, static and allocated. Variable having block scope and without static specifier have automatic storage duration.
Variables with block scope, and with static specifier have static scope. Global variables (i.e, file scope) with or without the the static specifier also have static scope. Memory obtained from calls to malloc(), alloc() or realloc() belongs to allocated storage class.
4. What is hashing?
To hash means to grind up, and thats essentially what hashing is all about. The heart of a hashing algorithm is a hash function that takes your nice, neat data and grinds it into some random-looking integer.
The idea behind hashing is that some data either has no inherent ordering (such as images) or is expensive to compare (such as images). If the data has no inherent ordering, you cant perform comparison searches.