Statement and Assumption


First of all what is Statement and Assumption?

Statement is sentence that is stated, and Assumption means assumed or to be supposed to take a grant from statement.

Statement and Assumption includes consists of a statement which can be facts, discussions, observations, causes and effect, actions etc that followed by assumptions. 

Problems on Statement and Assumption is one of the most important topic of Reasoning aptitude tests. In your reasoning exam, few questions will definitely come from this topic. 

Now we will show you the process of solving the Problems on Statement and Assumption reasoning questions in a very easy and quick manner. This will help in your examination to solve Problems on Statement and Assumption reasoning questions. 


TIPS to crack Reasoning Questions on Statements and Assumptions


Tip #1: Assumptions should be drawn only from the given statement, not from your real life experiences

Statement:  "Please put more people on the job to make up for the delay."

Assumptions: 

(I)     Delay is inevitable in most jobs.

(II)   Output will increase with more number of people on the job.


A. Only assumption I is implicit      

B. Only assumption II is implicit

C. Either I or II is implicit               

D. Neither I nor II is implicit

E. Both I and II are implicit

Solution:

Assumption I is not implicit, even if based on your real life experiences, you may believe that delay is inevitable in most jobs. As per the statement, increasing the number of people will make up for the delay by increasing the output. So II is implicit. Thus, correct option is B.

Statement: If you are an engineer, we have a challenging job for you.

Assumptions: 

(I)  We need an engineer. 

(II) You are an engineer.


A. Only assumption I is implicit    

B. Only assumption II is implicit

C. Either I or II is implicit         

D. Neither I nor II is implicit

E.  Both I and II are implicit

Solution:

An engineer is needed, hence the advertisement. So assumption I is implicit.

Assumption II is not implicit, even if the reader is an engineer.

Hence the correct option is A.


Tip #2: Don’t extrapolate beyond what is given in the statement to arrive at false assumptions

Statement: Everybody loves reading adventure stories.

Assumptions: 

(I)  Adventures stories are the only reading material.

(II) Nobody loves reading any other material.


A. Only assumption I is implicit      

B. Only assumption II is implicit

C. Either I or II is implicit               

D. Neither I nor II is implicit

E. Both I and II are implicit

Solution:  

Neither (I) nor (II) can be reasonably drawn from the given statement. Thus, correct answer will be D.

Statement: “You can't solve syllogism question without constructing a diagram. Difficult questions on syllogism need Venn diagram solving,” a teacher tells his students.

Assumption: 

(I)  The students are not intelligent. 

(II) Problem cannot be solved.


A. Only assumption I is implicit      

B. Only assumption II is implicit

C. Either I or II is implicit               

D. Neither I nor II is implicit

E. Both I and II are implicit

Solution:

Assumption I is false because nothing is said about the students. Assumption II is false since the statement does not say that the problem cannot be solved. So, correct answer is D.


Tip #3: If a notice/ advertisement is put up, the implicit assumption is that it will have impact

Statement: Do not copy our software without our permission - A notice.

Assumptions: 

(I)  It is possible to copy the software. 

(II) Such warning will have some effect.


A. Only assumption I is implicit      

B. Only assumption II is implicit

C. Either I or II is implicit               

D. Neither I nor II is implicit

E. Both I and II are implicit

Solution:

If it were not possible to copy the software, there would be no need for the notice. Hence, (I) is implicitly true. Similarly, if the warning would have no impact, the notice would not be posted. Hence, (II) is also implicit. So, the correct answer is E.

Statement: "A rare opportunity to be a professional while you are at home." - An advertisement for computer literate housewives by a computer company.

Assumptions: 

(I)   Some housewives simultaneously desire to become professional.

(II)  Computer industry is growing at a fast pace.

(III) It is possible to be a professional as well as a housewife.


A. Only I and II are implicit

B. Only II and III are implicit

C. Only I and III are implicit

D. Only II is implicit

E. None of these

Solution:

If no housewives desired to become professionals, there would be no reason to make the advertisement. Hence, (I) is implicit. (III) is also implicit, otherwise the advertisement would not be made in the first place. Thus, the correct answer is C.


Tips & Tricks For statement and assumption reasoning shortcuts


Reasoning shortcut tricks is all about quickly and accurately solve reasoning questions in exams. Let's show you the easy and detail method of "How to solve Reasoning using shortcut tricks.

1. Always find whether an assumption is implicit or not, by “Concentrating on statement”. Think from the perspective of the subject that saying the line in the statement.

2. Always be careful of the extreme words used in the sentence, such as, most, every, only, all, best, definitely etc. the statement are supposed to be read carefully to pick the right assumption.

Rules:

1. Assumption is always Indefinite & Positive

2. Some words like only, each, any, every, all, question indicating word ( why,these,what), Answer indicating words(therefor), Definitely, But , Certainly exist in the assumption that assumption will always be explicit(False).

3. Some words like some, to large extent, many, much , exist in the assumption that assumption will always be implicit(True).

4. Any assumption that is conveying the message of advertisement , notice, appeal that assumption will always be implicit(True).

5. Any assumption that is talking about the social welfare (positive) , govt. policies that assumption will always be implicit(True).

6. If any assumption is talking about past & future that assumption will always be explicit(False).

7. If any assumption showing the word like suggestion, order, request that will always be implicit(True). Restatement is never implicit.

8. Comparison always wrong.

MIND IT !

Time is the most important factor in every competitive exams. You need to finish your examination within time. But in every competitive exam they also test your calculation ability within a given time frame. They tests, how fast you can solve a paper. This is the reason so many students couldn't finish their paper within given time. 

But for faster solution you need to use tricks of reasoning and Problems on Statement and Assumption which will help you to solve competitive, government, bank and other exam papers quickly.

LearnFrenzy provides you lots of fully solved "Statement and Assumption" Questions and Answers with explanation.