Course of Action


Course of Action is a common question type in Logical Reasoning. These questions pop up either in the Logical Reasoning or English sections of various exams. They appear quite often in Banking & Insurance exams as well as Placement Aptitude papers.

Sometimes, figuring out the right course of action in the question might seem difficult. Just like in real life! But in reality these can be solved quite easily with the help of a logical mind frame. A course of action is generally asked to test the analytical decision making skills of the examinee. So, in this chapter, we will explore the avenues with which we can solve these questions.

Courses of Action:

A courses of Action is a step or administrative decision to be taken up for improvement or follow – up for further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. on the basis of the information given in statement.

Different types of questions covered in this chapter are as follows.

1. Problem and Solution based

2. Fact and Improvement based


1. Problem and Solution based:

In these types of problems, the prescribed course of action can be followed only when it satisfies two criteria. Firstly it solves (or considerably reduces) that problem and Secondly it is practically possible in the real world.

The statement given in the Question talks of a problem and the prescribed course of action talk of its solution.

We have to keep in mind that a prescribed course of action that solves the problem, but is not practically possible is of no use and must definitely be rejected.

Example:

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc.On the basis of the information given in the statement. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the two given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

Give answer:

(a) If only I follows

(b) If only II follows

(c) If either I or II follows

(d) If neither I nor II follows

(e) If both I and II follow

Statement:

A large number of people in Rampur city are diagnosed to be suffering from a dengue.

Courses of Action:

I. The city municipal authority should take immediate steps to carry out extensive fumigation in Rampur.

II. The citizens of Rampur should be advised to take proper steps to prevent mosquito bites.

Answer

Clearly,

I. Elimination of mosquitoes

II. Prevention from mosquitoes

Both the two Courses of Action will prevent dengue and reduce the problem. So, both the courses follow and answer is option (e)


2. Fact and Improvement based:

In these types of problems, the prescribed course of action can be followed only when it satisfies two criteria. Firstly it identifies whether the fact or situation will improve due to the course of action mentioned.Secondly it is practically possible in the real worldThe statement given in the Question talks of a simple fact (not a problem, just a situation) and the prescribed course of action suggest ways of improvement

These problems generally contain more than one statement and these statements are followed by Courses of Action.

Example:

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow up, or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc.On the basis of the information given in the statement. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the two given suggested courses of action logically follows for pursuing.

Give answer:

(a) If only I follows

(b) If only II follows

(c) If either I or II follows

(d) If neither I nor II follows

(e) If both I and II follow

Statement:

The teenager was arrested by police for taking drugs

Courses of Action:

I. The teenager should be imposed with a fine of 50000 Rupees..

II. The teenager should be sent to a drug rehabilitation centre 

Answer:

Clearly,

I. Imposing fine is not an assurance that teenager will stop drugs.
II. Sending to rehabilitation centre is the right action

So, only second follows and answer is option (b) 


MIND IT !

Following are some of the tips and tricks that you should keep in your mind while solving Course of Action based Questions.

  1. Always go for impartial and personal thinking.

  2. Make decisions in sync with the way the system and public departments function

  3. Existing practices are not effective Course of Action.

  4. Our decisions and views should be impartial and Act according to the rules of any organization.

  5. Don’t make your individual perception.

  6. Try to find the cause of the problem

  7. Extreme or strict action is not valid course of action.

  8. The actions should always be a positive.

  9. It should solve the problem rather than complicating it.

  10. You can analyse the course of action whether it is a Universal truth, Personal experience or a defined LogicCheck out for practical course of action.

  11. Generally Simple problems have simple course of action.

  12. If in any situation, more than one course of action are possible (but are dependent on each other), then your answer should always be “both follow” and not “either of them follows”.

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