Indian Politics

Politics is an acitivity associated with the governance of a country.
Here you can learn about Indian Political System, Constituion of India, Various Commisions and Persons.

About Indian Politics

India is political based nation with its supreme legislative body, Indian Parliament. Indian parliament consists of President and two houses, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

Loksabha is known as Lower house or House of the people. Rajya Sabha is known as Upper House or Council of states.

The Rajya Sabha is consisting of maximum 250 members. Within these 250 members, 12 are nominated by the President from special fields like; literature, science, art or social service.

The Lok Sabha is consisting of maximum 552 members. Within these 552 members, 530 members represent the States, and up to 20 members represent the Union territories. Two members are nominated by the president from Anglo Indian community.

Important topics on Indian Politics

Indian Politics has so many things to discuss. But there are some important parts of Indian politics. Here in this portal you can learn about those things like; Indian Constitution and its Schedules & Parts, Various Acts and Rules,Planning Commissions and etc.

Constitution of India

Stages of Constitution of India

1942-Quit India Movement
1946-Cabinet Mission
Interim Government
Constituent Assembly
Drafting Committee
Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution based on mainly four Pillars;

Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy.

1. Preamble:

Preamble is called as "A key to understanding the constitution". In preamble India is described by this order; Sovereign-Socialist-Secular-Democratic-Republic 

2. Fundamental Rights:

(a) Right to Equality
(b) Right to Freedom
(c) Right against Exploitation
(d) Right to freedom of Religion
(e) Cultural and educational rights
(f) Right to Constitutional remedies

3. Fundamental Duties:

(i) Respect to the Indian Constitution, National flag and the National anthem.

(ii) To cherish the Nobel ideals for their struggle for freedom.

(iii) To uphold and protect the Sovereignty, Unity and Integrity of India.

(iv) Defend and Render services to protect our nation.

(v) Promote common brotherhood to all the People of India and renounce practice derogatory to the dignity of women.

(vi) Preserve the rich heritage of our nations composite culture.

(vii) Protect and improve the natural environment and have compassion for living creatures.

(viii) Develop and prosper the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

(ix) Protect public property and adjure violence.

(x) Strive towards excellence and development in all individual and collective activity.

(xi) It is the duty of parents to provide educational opportunities to their child, for minimum 14 years of age.

4. Directive Principles of State Policy:

(i) Distribution of wealth on an equitable basis and equal pay for work for all men and women.

(ii) Improvement of quality of living.

(iii) Employment for all.

(iv) Free and compulsory education for children's.

(v) Living wage for all the workers of this nation.

(vi) Protecting youth generation from moral decadence.

(vii) Formation of self-government units with the help of village panchayats.

(viii)Prohibition of the use of Drugs and Alcoholic drinks except for medical purpose.

(ix) Use of scientific rules for agricultural purpose and animal husbandry.

(x) Improvement of International peace and security.

Schedules of Indian constitution and its Parts


    1st schedule: The states and Territories.

    2nd schedule: Provision as to the President and the Governors of states.

    3rd schedule: Forms of Oaths or Affirmations.

    4th schedule: Allocation of seats in the Council of States.

    5th schedule: Provisions as to the Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.

    6th schedule: Provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.

    7th schedule: Union list - State list - Concurrent list.

    8th schedule: 22 languages came into Indian constitution. (Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu).

    9th schedule: Laws and orders of central and state government will not be judged by any civil court.

    10th schedule: Provisions as to disqualification on ground of defection (Antidefection Law).

    11th schedule: 73rd Amendment Act, 1992. 29 subjects are placed into panchayat system.

    12th schedule: 74th Amendment Act, 1992. 18 subjects are placed for Municipality Corporation etc.

    Indian Constitution and its parts

    PartSubjectArticle Number
    (i)Indian Union and its Territories1-4
    (iii)Fundamental Rights12-35/14-32
    (iv)Fundamental Duties36-51
    (iv)/ADirective Principles of State Policy51A
    (v)Central Activity:
    President and Vice President
    Prime Minister & Attorney General
    Compproller & Auditor General(CAG)
    (vi)State Activity:
    Advocate General
    (viii)Law of Union Territories239-241
    (x)Tribal Areas244-244/A
    (xi)Legislative Relations Administrative Relations245-263
    (xiv)Services Under the Union and States308-323
    (xv)Elections Commission324-329
    (xviii)Emergency Provisions352-360
    (xx)Amendment of the Constitution of India368
    (xxi)Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions369-392
    (xxii)Short title, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals393-395

Indian planning commission

About Planning Commission of India

M. Bisweshsaraia makes an outline of Planning before the Independence of India. Then the first planning commission established on March of 1950. It gets successfully works at 1951. The first chairman of planning commission was Jawaharlal Nehru. The whole five year planning system of India is taken from Soviet Russia.

Planning Commission is an extra constitutional act. The final decision about five years planning will be made by National Development Authority. The first vice chairman of five years planning was V. T. Krishnamachari.

Five Years Plan of India

1st five years Plan: The duration of first 5 years plan was April of 1951 to March of 1956. It is the most successful plan till now.

2nd five years Plan: The duration of second 5 years plan was April of 1956 to March of 1961. The purpose of the second 5 years plan was to develop larger industries. At the time of first and second 5 years planning Jawaharlal Nehru was the prime minister of India.

3rd five years Plan: The duration of Third 5 years plan was between April of 1961 and March of 1966. Due to India-pak war and India-china war the third 5 years plan not getting effective. So, a decision of annual plan was taken, and it is known as plan holding. To get rid of Balance of Payment in third plan devaluation of currencies was happened.

4th five years Plan: The duration of Fourth 5 years plan was between April of 1969 and March of 1974. The purpose of fourth plan was self-dependency and sufficient food supply.

5th five years Plan: The duration of fifth 5 years plan was April of 1974 to march of 1978. Fifth 5 years plan is known as peoples plan. First Minimum needs programme started at 5th plan.

6th five years Plan: The duration of sixth 5 years plan was of 1980 to 1985. To decrease poverty IRDP (Integrated Rural Development Programme), DRDP (Drought Prone Area Programme), TRYSEM (Training of Rural Youths for Self Employment).

Indian Five Years Plan -Chairperson and Duration

Duration of YearPlanHead of the planning
1951-19561stJawaharlal Nehru
1956-19612ndJawaharlal Nehru
1961-19663rdJawaharlal Nehru + Lal Bahadur Shastri
1966-1969Plan HolidayIndira Gandhi
1969-19744thIndira Gandhi
1974-19795thIndira Gandhi
1978-1979Rolling PlanMorarji Desai + Charan Singh
1980-19856thIndira Gandhi
1985-19907thRajib Gandhi
1992-19978thP. V. Narasimha Rao
1997-20029thAtal Bihari Vajpayee
2002-200710thAtal Bihari Vajpayee
2007-201211thM Sing
2012-201712thM Sing

Who is Who of Indian parliament

Ram Nath Kovind
Vice-President: Venkaiah Naidu
Prime Minister: Narendra Modi

StateChief Minister
Andhra PradeshN. Chandrababu Naidu
Arunachal PradeshPema Khandu
AssamSarbananda Sonowal
BiharShri Nitish Kumar
ChhattisgarhDr. Raman Singh
Delhi (NCT)Arvind Kejriwal
GoaShri Manohar Parrikar
GujaratVijay Rupani
HaryanaManohar Lal Khattar
Himachal PradeshShri Virbhadra Singh
Jammu and KashmirMehbooba Mufti
JharkhandRaghubar Das
KeralaPinarayi Vijayan
Madhya PradeshShri Shivraj Singh Chouhan
MaharashtraDevendra Fadnavis
ManipurN. Biren Singh
MeghalayaDr. Mukul Sangma
MizoramLal Thanhawla
NagalandT. R. Zeliang
OdishaNaveen Patnaik
Puducherry (UT)V. Narayanasamy
PunjabAmarinder Singh
RajasthanVasundhara Raje
SikkimShri Pawan Kumar Chamling
Tamil NaduEdappadi K. Palaniswami
TelanganaK. Chandrashekar Rao
TripuraManik Sarkar
Uttar PradeshYogi Adityanath
UttarakhandTrivendra Singh Rawat
West BengalKm. Mamata Banerjee


Here are the most frequently asked Indian Politics questions in General knowledge section of exams. These questions will be useful for your practice for IBPS, SSC, UPSC exams, state PSC exams, entrance exams, bank exams, NEET exam (National Eligibility and Entrance Test) or any other competitive exams.